学霸分享:2020高考英语非谓语动词

学霸分享:2020高考英语非谓语动词

时间:2020-03-24 17:18 作者:admin 点击:
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  2020年高考即将开战,你准备好了吗?对于高中英语成绩不好的同学来说,熟悉复习资料的积累要随时整理。高考网小编为各位考生整理了一些高考英语必备的知识点,供大家参考阅读!   非谓语动词作状语语法题 解题步骤   1、找到非谓语动词的逻辑主语。   2、看非谓语动词和逻辑主语之间的关系。如果是主动关系,用现在分词;如果是被动关系,用过去分词。   3、如果非谓语动词是分词,需看分词和谓语动词的先后关系。如果分词的动作发生在谓语动词之前,要使用分词的完成式。   注:如果分词的逻辑主语不是句子的主语,可以使用状语从句或者独立主格结构。   考点1、不定式作目的状语   【2018 全国1】You don t have to run fast or for long__62 _ (see) the benefit.   答案 to see。句意:要见效果,你不必跑的太快或太久。 不定式作目的状语。   考点2、不定式作结果状语   【2015 全国2】When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __46 __ (cool) the house during the hot day .   答案 to cool。adj. + to do作结果状语   考点3、不定式作原因状语   【2012 全国2】⒖ The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy ___ anything that happened to be on.   A.to watch B.watching C.watched D.to have watched   答案 A. adj. + to do不定式作原因状语中,adj.通常表示情绪,不定式表示引起情绪变化的原因。   考点4、现在分词作结果状语   【2017天津】14. The hospital has recently obtained new medical equipment, _____ more patients to be treated.   A. being allowed B. allowing C. having allowed D. allowed   答案B。现在分词作结果状语。   考点5、现在分词作原因状语   【2016 上海】(25)_______(wonder) how my mum could consume them so quickly, I began observing her daily routine for two weeks.   答案Wondering。 考查现在分词做原因状语。动词wonder与本句主语I构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词wondering在句中做状语。   考点6、现在分词作伴随状语   【2013 全国1】35. The sunlight is white and blinding, ____ hard-edged shadows on the ground.   A. throwing B. being thrown C. to throw D. to be thrown   答案 A。 现在分词作伴随状语。   考点7、现在分词作时间状语   28.【2016 浙江】19. I had as much fun sailing the seas as I now do____ with students.   A.working B. work C. to work D. worked   答案A,现在分词作时间状语。句意:我在海上航行和现在和学生一起一样快乐。使用非谓语动词作状语,I和work是主谓关系,用现在分词作时间状语。故选A。   考点8、现在分词作条件状语   【2012 全国1】28. The party will be held in the garden, weather _____ .   A.permitting B. to permit C.permitted D.permit   答案 A。独立主格,现在分词作条件状语。   考点9、过去分词作原因状语   【2015 天津】5. ______ in painting, John didn t notice evening approaching.   A. To absorb B. To be absorbed C. Absorbed D. Absorbing   答案C。过去分词作原因状语。be absorbed in 全神贯注于,逻辑主语和非谓语动词是被动关系。   考点10、过去分词作条件状语   【2015 北京】31.If ___ for the job, you ll be informed soon.   A .to accept B. accept C.accepting . accepted   答案D。过去分词作条件状语。    考点11、过去分词作时间状语

  【2014 江苏】29. The lecture ________, a lively question-and-answer session followed.   A. being given B. having given C. to be given D. having been given   答案D。句意:发表演讲之后,接下来是现场提问时间.现在分词完成被动式。   考点12、过去分词作让步状语   【2010 全国2】11. Though _____ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome.   A. surprising B. was surprised C. surprised D. being surprised   答案C。考查状从省略句,过去分词作让步状语。   考点13、现在完成时的现在分词作状语   【2017 江苏】21. Many Chinese brands, _______ their reputations over centuries, are facing new challenges from the modern market.   A. having developed B. being developed C. developed D. developing   答案A。现在分词完成式作伴随状语。分词的动作发生在谓语动词之前,就使用分词的完成式。   【2014 江苏】29. The lecture ________, a lively question-and-answer session followed.   A.being given B. having given C. to be given D. having been given   答案D。句意:发表演讲之后,接下来是现场提问时间。考查现在分词完成被动式作时间状语。   考点14、状语从句的省略   【2018 全国2】The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice 64 (improve) water quality.   答案:to improve不定式作目的状语。本句考察省略句,while( China is ) feeding its citizens   在时间状语、条件状语、让步状语中,如果从句和主句主语一致,且含有be动词时,可以把 主语和be 一起省略。   考点15、独立主格   【2012 全国1】28. The party will be held in the garden, weather _____ .   A.permitting B. to permit C.permitted D.permit   答案 A。本题考查分词的独立主格,此时分词的主语weather与主句的主语The party不一致。

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